Zinaida Gippius (Poet) – Bio, Birthday, Family, Age & Born

Zinaida Gippius

Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius was a Russian poet, playwright, novelist, editor and religious thinker, one of the major figures in Russian symbolism. The story of her marriage to Dmitry Merezhkovsky, which lasted 52 years, is described in her unfinished book Dmitry Merezhkovsky. She began writing at an early age, and by the time she met Dmitry Merezhkovsky in 1888, she was already a published poet. The two were married in 1889. Gippius published her first book of poetry, Collection of Poems. 1889–1903, in 1903, and her second collection, Collection of Poems. Book 2. 1903-1909, in 1910. After the 1905 Revolution, the Merezhkovskys became critics of Tsarism; they spent several years abroad during this time, including trips for treatment of health issues. They denounced the 1917 October Revolution, seeing it as a cultural disaster, and in 1919 emigrated to Poland.

Born: Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius, 20 November [O.S. 8 November]1869, Tula, Imperial Russia
Died: September 9, 1945, Paris, Provisional Government of the French Republic
Occupation: poet • novelist • dramatist • literary critic • memoirist
Nationality: Russian
Literary movement: symbolism
Spouse: Dmitry Merezhkovsky
IMDb: Zinaida Gippius’s IMDb

About Zinaida Gippius

Russian symbolist poet, fiction writer, and dramatist whose poetic works include The Shining Ones and Poems. Her short story collections include Mirrors and New People.

Before Fame

She wrote her first poems at the age of seven. She published her first poetic works in Severny Vestnik (The Northern Messenger), an important Russian literary magazine.


She lived in exile beginning in the 1920s, due to the political turbulence in her native Russia.

Family Life

Her husband of fifty-two years was the philosopher Dmitriy Merezhkovsky.


She was a contemporary of Alexander Blok.

Information related to Zinaida Gippius

  • Russian religious leaders
  • Russian women short story writers
  • Imperial Russian women writers
  • Burials at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois Russian Cemetery
  • Russian editors
  • Russian women poets
  • 20th-century Russian poets
  • Symbolist poets
  • Russian dramatists and playwrights
  • Women dramatists and playwrights
  • Imperial Russian emigrants to France

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