Victor Pierre Horta was a Belgian architect and designer, and one of the founders of the Art Nouveau movement. His Hôtel Tassel in Brussels built in 1892–1893, is often considered the first Art Nouveau house, and, along with three of his other early houses, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The curving stylized vegetal forms that Horta used influenced many others, including architect Hector Guimard, who used it in the first house he designed in Paris and in the entrances he designed for the Paris Metro. He is also considered a precursor of modern architecture for his open floor plans and his innovative use of iron, steel and glass. His later work moved away from Art Nouveau, and became more geometric and formal, with classical touches, such as columns. He made a highly original use of steel frames and skylights to bring light into the structures, open floor plans, and finely-designed decorative details.
|Born:||January 6, 1861, Ghent, Province of East Flanders, Belgium|
|Died:||September 8, 1947, Brussels, Province of Brabant, Belgium|
|Awards:||Titled “Baron” by King Albert I of Belgium, Prix Godecharle (1884)|
About Victor Horta
Prominent architect in the Art Nouveau style. He was responsible in 1892 for the construction of the Hôtel Tassel in Brussels. He was honored with the title of Baron in 1932 by King Albert I of Belgium.
He studied musical theory at the Ghent Conservatory before being expelled for bad behavior. He then enrolled in the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Ghent’s Department of Architecture. He then worked with famed architect and designer Jules Debuysson after moving to Paris in 1878.
He designed the modernist Brussels-Central railway station.
He began studying architecture with his uncle when he was 12; he married twice, with the second marriage to Julia Carlsson occurring in 1908 after his 1906 divorce.
He adopted a modernist style after World War II, similar to that of Le Corbusier.
Information related to Victor Horta
- Flemish architects
- Belgian Freemasons
- Victor Horta buildings
- Burials at Ixelles Cemetery
- Officers of the Order of the Crown (Belgium)
- Barons of Belgium
- Art Nouveau architects
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