Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, was an English poet, writer, and soldier. Decorated for bravery on the Western Front, he became one of the leading poets of the First World War. His poetry both described the horrors of the trenches and satirised the patriotic pretensions of those who, in Sassoon’s view, were responsible for a jingoism-fuelled war. Sassoon became a focal point for dissent within the armed forces when he made a lone protest against the continuation of the war in his “Soldier’s Declaration” of 1917, culminating in his admission to a military psychiatric hospital; this resulted in his forming a friendship with Wilfred Owen, who was greatly influenced by him. Sassoon later won acclaim for his prose work, notably his three-volume fictionalised autobiography, collectively known as the “Sherston trilogy”.
|Born:||Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, September 8, 1886, Matfield, Kent, England|
|Died:||September 1, 1967, Heytesbury, Wiltshire, England|
|Pen name:||Saul Kain, Pinchbeck Lyre|
|Occupation:||Soldier, poet, diarist, memoirist, journalist|
|Alma mater:||Clare College, Cambridge|
|Period:||Early 20th century|
|Genre:||Poetry, fiction, biography|
|Notable works:||The Complete Memoirs of George Sherston|
About Siegfried Sassoon
British poet, author, and World War I soldier who is best known for War Poems (published in 1919) and The Road to Ruin (published in 1933).
He grew up in Kent, England, as one of three sons born to a Catholic mother and a Jewish father.
He was an important literary mentor to author Wilfred Owen.
His male lovers included Gabriel Atkin (an artist) and Ivor Novello (an actor). He was also briefly married to Hester Gatty, with whom he had his only child.
His mother named him Siegfried after an opera by German composer Richard Wagner.
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