Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens was a Chilean socialist politician and physician, President of Chile from 1970 until 1973, and head of the Popular Unity political coalition government; he was Latin America’s first ever Marxist to be elected president in a liberal democracy. Allende’s involvement in Chilean political life spanned a period of nearly forty years, having covered the posts of senator, deputy and cabinet minister. As a life-long committed member of the Socialist Party of Chile, whose foundation he had actively contributed to, he unsuccessfully ran for the national presidency in the 1952, 1958, and 1964 elections. In 1970, he won the presidency in a close three-way race. He was elected in a run-off by Congress as no candidate had gained a majority. As president, Allende sought to nationalize major industries, expand education and improve the living standards of the working class. He clashed with the right-wing parties that controlled Congress and with the judiciary.
|Born:||Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens, June 26, 1908, Santiago, Chile|
|Died:||September 11, 1973, Santiago, Chile|
|Cause of death:||Suicide by gunshot|
|Resting place:||Cementerio General de Santiago|
|Political party:||Chilean Socialist|
|Other political affiliations:||Popular Unity Coalition|
|Children:||Beatriz Allende (1943–1977), Carmen Paz Allende (born 1944), Isabel Allende (born 1945)|
|Alma mater:||University of Chile|
|Profession:||Medical doctor, Civil servant|
|Preceded by:||Eduardo Frei Montalva|
|Succeeded by:||Augusto Pinochet|
|IMDb:||Salvador Allende’s IMDb|
About Salvador Allende
Physician who was elected President of Chile in 1970 only to be deposed three years later by General Augusto Pinoche. tHe was the first Marxist elected president of a Latin American country and as President he adopted a policy of nationalization of industries and collectivization.
He graduated from the University of Chile in 1933 with a degree in medicine.
He committed suicide shortly after giving a farewell speech to Chileans over the radio because he refused to be used as a tool of propaganda by the Chilean military that was orchestrating the coup that overthrew him.
He married Hortensia Bussi and had three children.
He killed himself after General Augusto Pinochet launched a military coup to remove him from government.
Information related to Salvador Allende
- Salvador Allende Category
- Chilean Ministers of Health
- Chilean Freemasons
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- Chilean physicians
- Socialist Party of Chile politicians
- Chilean Marxists
- Suicides by firearm in Chile
- Allende family
- Presidents of the Senate of Chile
- Presidents of Chile
- Marxist humanists
- Recipients of the Order of José Marti
- Chilean politicians who committed suicide
- Lenin Peace Prize recipients
- Candidates for President of Chile
- Members of the Senate of Chile
- University of Chile alumni
- Leaders ousted by a coup
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