Robert Lowell (Poet) – Bio, Birthday, Family, Age & Born

Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV was an American poet. He was born into a Boston Brahmin family that could trace its origins back to the Mayflower. His family, past and present, were important subjects in his poetry. Growing up in Boston also informed his poems, which were frequently set in Boston and the New England region. The literary scholar Paula Hayes believes that Lowell mythologized New England, particularly in his early work. Lowell stated, “The poets who most directly influenced me… were Allen Tate, Elizabeth Bishop, and William Carlos Williams. An unlikely combination!… but you can see that Bishop is a sort of bridge between Tate’s formalism and Williams’s informal art.” Lowell wrote in both formal, metered verse as well as free verse; his verse in some poems from Life Studies and Notebook fell somewhere in between metered and free verse.

Born: Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV, March 01, 1917, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: September 12, 1977, New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation: Poet
Period: 1944–1977
Genre: American poetry
Literary movement: Confessional poetry
Notable works: Lord Weary’s Castle, Life Studies, For the Union Dead, The Dolphin (1973)
Spouse: Jean Stafford, (m. 1940–1948, divorced), Elizabeth Hardwick, (m. 1949–1972, divorced), Caroline Blackwood, (m. 1972–1977, his death)
Children: Harriet Lowell, Sheridan Lowell
Relatives: Amy Lowell, James Russell Lowell, Charles Russell Lowell III, Robert Traill Spence Lowell, Charles Russell Lowell Sr, Robert Gardner

About Robert Lowell

Massachusetts-born poet known for Life Studies, The Dolphin, and other confessional works. He won both the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and the National Book Award.

Before Fame

He was born into a prominent Boston family, and he attended Harvard College. He published his debut poetry volume, Land of Unlikeness, in 1944.


He was appointed sixth Poet Laureate of the United States in 1947.

Family Life

He was married three times — to Jean Stafford, Elizabeth Hardwick, and Caroline Blackwood — and had two children.


He was influenced by the literary work of Allen Tate.

Information related to Robert Lowell

  • Mania For Phrases. The Voices and Visions Series (Robert Lowell Episode). New York Center for Visual History, 1988.
  • “Epilogue” by Robert Lowell at the Poetry Foundation
  • Audio recordings of Robert Lowell , from the Woodberry Poetry Room, Harvard University
  • Articles on Lowell at Modern American Poetry, University of Illinois . Accessed 2010-09-11

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Latest information about Robert Lowell updated on September 11, 2020.

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