Philip II was King of Spain, King of Portugal, King of Naples and Sicily, and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan, and from 1555, lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. The son of Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Spanish kingdoms Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip was called Felipe el Prudente in the Spanish kingdoms; his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, the Spanish kingdoms reached the height of their influence and power. This is sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age. Philip led a highly debt-leveraged regime, seeing state bankruptcies in 1557, 1560, 1569, 1575, and 1596. This policy was partly the cause of the declaration of independence that created the Dutch Republic in 1581.
|Acclamation:||16 April 1581, Tomar|
|Predecessor:||António (disputed) or Henry|
|Successor:||Philip II (III of Spain)|
|Born:||21 May 1527, Palacio de Pimentel, Valladolid, Castile|
|Died:||September 13, 1598, El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Castile|
|Issue, see details…:||Carlos, Prince of Asturias, Isabella, Lady of the Netherlands, Catherine, Duchess of Savoy, Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Diego, Prince of Asturias, Philip III, King of Spain|
|Father:||Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother:||Isabella of Portugal|
About Philip II of Spain
Ruled as King of Spain from 1556 to 1598 and Portugal from 1581 to 1598. He also ruled Naples and Sicily and served as both Duke of Milan and King of Ireland and England.
He was taught Latin, Portuguese and Spanish growing up.
There was a great amount of countrywide debt during his reign over Spain, including four different state bankruptcies.
He was the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire and Isabella of Portugal.
He had great difficulty filling in for his father Charles V, who was a well-respected and celebrated ruler.
Information related to Philip II of Spain
- Philip II of Spain Category
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