Philip II of Spain (World Leader)

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Philip II of Spain

Philip II was King of Spain, King of Portugal, King of Naples and Sicily, and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan, and from 1555, lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. The son of Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Spanish kingdoms Charles V and Isabella of Portugal, Philip was called Felipe el Prudente in the Spanish kingdoms; his empire included territories on every continent then known to Europeans, including his namesake the Philippines. During his reign, the Spanish kingdoms reached the height of their influence and power. This is sometimes called the Spanish Golden Age. Philip led a highly debt-leveraged regime, seeing state bankruptcies in 1557, 1560, 1569, 1575, and 1596. This policy was partly the cause of the declaration of independence that created the Dutch Republic in 1581.

Predecessor: Charles I
Successor: Philip III
Acclamation: 16 April 1581, Tomar
Predecessor: António (disputed) or Henry
Successor: Philip II (III of Spain)
Predecessor: Mary I
Successor: Elizabeth I
Co-monarch: Mary I
Predecessor: Charles IV
Successor: Philip II
Born: 21 May 1527, Palacio de Pimentel, Valladolid, Castile
Died: September 13, 1598, El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Castile
Burial: El Escorial
Issue, see details…: Carlos, Prince of Asturias, Isabella, Lady of the Netherlands, Catherine, Duchess of Savoy, Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Diego, Prince of Asturias, Philip III, King of Spain
House: Habsburg
Father: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother: Isabella of Portugal
Religion: Catholicism

About Philip II of Spain

Ruled as King of Spain from 1556 to 1598 and Portugal from 1581 to 1598. He also ruled Naples and Sicily and served as both Duke of Milan and King of Ireland and England.

Before Fame

He was taught Latin, Portuguese and Spanish growing up.

Achievement

There was a great amount of countrywide debt during his reign over Spain, including four different state bankruptcies.

Family Life

He was the son of Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire and Isabella of Portugal.

Associations

He had great difficulty filling in for his father Charles V, who was a well-respected and celebrated ruler.

Information related to Philip II of Spain

  • Philip II of Spain Category
  • Descendants of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon – The most famous living descendants of Isabella I and Ferdinand II are probably the current European monarchs. First of all, the Kings of Spain are descended from their union, with their current major dynastic heir being King Felipe VI of Spain, who reigns in their native territories.
  • The empire on which the sun never sets – The phrase “the empire on which the sun never sets” has been used to describe certain global empires that were so extensive that it seemed that at least one part of their territory was always in daylight.
  • Royal Armoury of Madrid – The Royal Armoury of Madrid or Real Armería de Madrid, between many other things, the collection contains the personal arms of the Kings of Spain, and also houses military weapons, armours and diplomatic works of art like mixed tapestries, paintings and other works of art and trophies.
  • People of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
  • Mary I of England
  • People of the French Wars of Religion
  • Spanish Renaissance people
  • Dukes of Montblanc
  • Dukes of Milan
  • Spanish people of the Eighty Years’ War
  • English pretenders to the French throne
  • Monarchs of Naples
  • Regents of Spain
  • Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial
  • British monarchs buried abroad
  • Grand Masters of the Order of Montesa
  • 16th-century Portuguese monarchs
  • Jure uxoris kings
  • Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • Kings of Sicily
  • Princes of Asturias
  • Spanish infantes
  • 16th-century House of Habsburg
  • Rulers of the Habsburg Netherlands
  • Counter-Reformation
  • Anti-Protestantism
  • Knights of Santiago
  • 16th-century Spanish people

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