ʿOmar al-Mukhṭār Muḥammad bin Farḥāṭ al-Manifī, called The Lion of the Desert, known among the colonial Italians as Matari of the Mnifa, was the leader of native resistance in Cyrenaica, currently Eastern Libya under the Senussids, against the Italian colonization of Libya. A teacher-turned-general, Omar was also a prominent figure of the Senussi movement, and he is considered the national hero of Libya and a symbol of resistance in the Arab and Islamic worlds. Beginning in 1911, he organised and, for nearly twenty years, led the Libyan resistance movement against the colonial Italians during the Pacification of Libya. After many attempts, the Italian Armed Forces managed to capture Al-Mukhtar near Solonta and hanged him in 1931.
|Born:||20, 1858, Zawiyat Zanzur, Nahiyah Tobruk, Kaza Derna, Sanjak Benghazi, Eyalet-i Trâblus Gârb, Ottoman Empire|
|Died:||Sept 16, 1931, Benghazi, Italian Libya|
|Resting place:||Suluq, Libya|
|Occupation:||Ruler of Senussi Zawiyas|
|Known for:||Leading Arab and native Berber resistance to Italian colonization of Libya|
About Omar Mukhtar
Remembered for his almost two decades of work for the cause of Libyan resistance against Italian rule, Mukhtar was executed by the Italian military in the early 1930s.
In his early years, he studied at a mosque in his native Cyrenaica, Libya. He later attended Senussi University in Jaghbub.
The Libyan Civil War of the early 21st Century used Mukhtar as a symbol of a liberated Libya.
He lost his parents when he was young and was raised by the notable Libyan religious and political leader Sharif El Gariani.
Eight decades after Mukhtar’s death, then-Libyan president Muammar Gaddafi visited the Italian capital wearing a photo of the imprisoned Mukhtar and accompanied by Mukhtar’s son.
Information related to Omar Mukhtar
- Arab world – The Arab world, also known as the Arab nation or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
- Islam in Africa – Africa was the first continent into which Islam spread from Southwest Asia, during the early 7th century CE. Almost one-third of the world’s Muslim population resides in the continent.
- Libya – Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
- North Africa – North Africa is a region encompassing the northern portion of the African continent. There is no singularly accepted scope for the region, and it is sometimes defined as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Mauritania in the west, to Egypt’s Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east.
- Senussi – The Senussi, or Sanussi, are a Muslim political-religious tariqa and clan in colonial Libya and the Sudan region founded in Mecca in 1837 by the Grand Senussi, the Algerian Muhammad ibn Ali as-Senussi.
- People executed by Italy by hanging
- Libyan Muslims
- Italy–Libya relations
- Libyan Sunni Muslims
- Libyan revolutionaries
- Executed Libyan people
- Libyan educators
- Libyan resistance leaders
- Murdered educators
- Guerrilla warfare theorists
- World War II resistance members
- Italian Libya
- Libyan rebels
- Independence activists
- Executed revolutionaries
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