Oliver Cromwell was an English general and statesman who led the Parliament of England’s armies against King Charles I during the English Civil War and ruled the British Isles as Lord Protector from 1653 until his death in 1658. He acted simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republican commonwealth. Cromwell was born into the middle gentry to a family descended from the sister of Henry VIII’s minister Thomas Cromwell. Little is known of the first 40 years of his life, as only four of his personal letters survive along with a summary of a speech that he delivered in 1628. He became an Independent Puritan after undergoing a religious conversion in the 1630s, taking a generally tolerant view towards the many Protestant sects of his period. He was an intensely religious man, a self-styled Puritan Moses, and he fervently believed that God was guiding his victories.
|Born:||25 April 1599, Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England|
|Died:||3 September 1658 (aged 59), Palace of Whitehall, London, The Protectorate|
|Children:||Robert Cromwell, Oliver Cromwell, Bridget Cromwell, Richard Cromwell, Henry Cromwell, Elizabeth Cromwell, James Cromwell, Mary Cromwell, Frances Cromwell|
|Parents:||Robert Cromwell (father), Elizabeth Steward (mother)|
|Alma mater:||Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge|
|Occupation:||Farmer, parliamentarian, military commander|
|Preceded by:||Council of State|
|Succeeded by:||Richard Cromwell|
|IMDb:||Oliver Cromwell’s IMDb|
About Oliver Cromwell
Military leader during the English Civil Wars who served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
He was the grandson of a wealthy landowner.
He was responsible for the deaths of 3,000 soldiers and numerous Irish civilians.
He and his wife had nine children.
He was portrayed by actor Richard Harris in a 1970 biopic.
Information related to Oliver Cromwell
- Oliver Cromwell Category
- Cromwell’s Soldiers’ Pocket Bible – a booklet Cromwell issued to his army in 1643.
- Republicanism in the United Kingdom – Republicanism in the United Kingdom is the political movement that seeks to replace the United Kingdom’s monarchy with a republic.
- Robert Walker – various portraits of Cromwell by the artists Robert Walker, Peter Lely and Samuel Cooper.
- Cromwell’s Panegyrick – a contemporary satirical ballad.
- Oliver Cromwell (ship) – a corvette launched in 1776 by the Connecticut State Navy .
- English revolutionaries
- People convicted under a bill of attainder
- Cromwell family
- Anti-Catholicism in Ireland
- 17th-century English Puritans
- Anti-Catholicism in the United Kingdom
- English MPs 1653 (Barebones)
- English generals
- Regicides of Charles I
- English Congregationalists
- Chancellors of the University of Oxford
- English farmers
- Lords Lieutenant of Ireland
- Critics of the Catholic Church
- Alumni of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
- Leaders who took power by coup
- English MPs 1640 (April)
If you are getting married, reserve the day at the Lightner Museum, the best of st Augustine wedding venues .