Norman Ernest Borlaug was an American agronomist who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution. Borlaug was awarded multiple honors for his work, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal. Borlaug received his B.S. in forestry in 1937 and Ph.D. in plant pathology and genetics from the University of Minnesota in 1942. He took up an agricultural research position with CIMMYT in Mexico, where he developed semi-dwarf, high-yield, disease-resistant wheat varieties. During the mid-20th century, Borlaug led the introduction of these high-yielding varieties combined with modern agricultural production techniques to Mexico, Pakistan, and India. As a result, Mexico became a net exporter of wheat by 1963. Between 1965 and 1970, wheat yields nearly doubled in Pakistan and India, greatly improving the food security in those nations.
|Born:||Norman Ernest Borlaug, March 25, 1914, Cresco, Iowa, United States|
|Died:||September 12, 2009, Dallas, Texas, United States|
|Fields:||Agronomy, Plant pathology, Genetics|
|Institutions:||DuPont, Cooperative Wheat Research and Production Program (Mexico), International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Texas A&M University|
|Alma mater:||University of Minnesota (B.S, 1937) (Ph.D, 1942)|
|Thesis:||Variation and Variability in Fusarium Lini (1942)|
|Known for:||Green Revolution, World Food Prize|
|Notable awards:||Nobel Peace Prize (1970), Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977), ForMemRS (1987), Vannevar Bush Award (2000), Public Welfare Medal (2002), National Medal of Science (2004), Congressional Gold Medal (2006), Padma Vibhushan (2006)|
About Norman Borlaug
American biologist and humanitarian whose work producing and promoting hardier strains of cereal crops to feed more people won him the 1970 Nobel Peace Prize. His introduction of the Green Revolution also won him the Congressional Gold Medal.
He joined the Rockefeller foundation in 1944 to work on ways to cultivate wheat in Mexico, a problem that occupied him for the next 16 years.
His new strains of crops were introduced to great success in developing countries like Pakistan, India and Mexico, where they saved millions from starvation.
He grew up in a small farming town in Iowa, his family raising both cattle and crops.
Madame Curie, who discovered the radioactivity of polonium and radium, also won the Nobel Peace Prize for helping to save countless lives.
Information related to Norman Borlaug
- Fellows of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences
- Vannevar Bush Award recipients
- Members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry
- American Council on Science and Health
- Recipients of the Padma Vibhushan in science & engineering
- Fellows of Pakistan Academy of Sciences
- Civilian Conservation Corps people
- American agronomists
- Green thinkers
- Members of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences
- Recipients of the Great Cross of the National Order of Scientific Merit (Brazil)
- Founding members of the World Cultural Council
- Development specialists
- Nobel Peace Prize laureates
- Members of the Polish Academy of Sciences
- Foreign Fellows of the Indian National Science Academy
- 21st-century biologists
- TWAS fellows
- Members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
- American humanitarians
- American Nobel laureates
- Congressional Gold Medal recipients
- National Medal of Science laureates
- 21st-century American scientists
- American Lutherans
- Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients
- Members of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
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