Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was a Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964 and as chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing the progress of the early Soviet space program, and for several relatively liberal reforms in areas of domestic policy. Khrushchev’s party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier. Khrushchev was born in 1894 in the village of Kalinovka, in western Russia, close to the present-day border between Russia and Ukraine. He was employed as a metal worker during his youth, and he was a political commissar during the Russian Civil War. With the help of Lazar Kaganovich, he worked his way up the Soviet hierarchy.
|Born:||Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, April 15, 1894, Kalinovka, Kursk Governorate, Russian Empire|
|Died:||September 11, 1971, Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union|
|Political party:||Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1918–1964)|
|Spouse(s):||Yefrosinia Pisareva (1914–19, died), Nina Kukharchuk (Khrushcheva) (1923–71, survived as widow)|
|Children:||Yulia Khrushcheva (1915–81), Leonid (1917–43), Rada Khrushcheva (1929–2016), Sergei (1935–present), Elena Khrushcheva (1937–72)|
|Alma mater:||Industrial Academy|
|Civilian awards:||Hero of the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labor (thrice)|
|Preceded by:||Georgy Malenkov (de facto)|
|Succeeded by:||Leonid Brezhnev|
|IMDb:||Nikita Khrushchev’s IMDb|
About Nikita Khrushchev
Communist leader and Soviet Premier from 1958 to 1964 who ushered in a significantly less repressive albeit erratic era of de-Stalinization. In 1956 he delivered his infamous “Secret Speech” to the 20th Party Congress in which he denounced Stalin’s purges and accused him of having fostered a leadership personality cult.
He was exempt from conscription during World War I and was employed as a metal worker.
His memoirs had to be smuggled to the West after he was deposed from power and stripped of his pension.
His parents were Sergei Khrushchev and Ksenia Khrushcheva.
He succeeded Joseph Stalin as the Secretary of the Communist Party.
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