Nellie McClung (Civil Rights Leader)

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Nellie McClung

Nellie Letitia McClung, was a Canadian author, social activist, suffragette, and politician. She was a part of the social and moral reform movements prevalent in Western Canada in the early 1900s. Her great causes were women’s suffrage and the temperance. It was largely through her efforts that in 1916 Manitoba became the first province to give women the right to vote and to run for public office.. Nellie McClung was at the forefront of the Suffragist movement in Canada. Through her social justice activism, the issues of temperance, anti-war, Labor and Dower rights were among her most important contributions. In 1927, McClung and four other women: Henrietta Muir Edwards, Emily Murphy, Louise McKinney and Irene Parlby who together came to be known as The Famous Five launched “the Persons Case,” contending that women could be “qualified persons,” therefore eligible to sit in the Senate. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the current law did not recognize women as such.

Born: Letitia Ellen Mooney, October 20, 1873, Chatsworth, Ontario
Died: September 1, 1951, Victoria, British Columbia
Political party: Liberal
Spouse(s): Robert Wesley McClung
Occupation: Social activist
Known for: Women’s rights activist

About Nellie McClung

Proponent of female suffrage and the temperance movement, who became one of Canada’s best-known civil rights activists.

Before Fame

She became a fixture in the Winnipeg women’s rights movement, writing the 1908 novel Sowing Seeds in Danny on the subject.

Achievement

She led the so-called Persons Case, a landmark Canadian decision that established women could serve in the Canadian Senate.

Family Life

She had five children with her husband Wesley, who was supportive of her work.

Associations

Alice Paul, a contemporary of hers, also led the women’s suffrage movement.

Information related to Nellie McClung

  • History of feminism – The history of feminism comprises the narratives of the movements and ideologies which have aimed at equal rights for women.
  • Feminism in Canada – The history of feminism in Canada has been a gradual struggle aimed at establishing equal rights. The history of Canadian feminism, like modern Western feminism in other countries, has been divided by scholars into four “waves”, each describing a period of intense activism and social change.
  • Suffragette – A suffragette was a member of militant women’s organisations in the early 20th century who, under the banner “Votes for Women”, fought for the right to vote in public elections, known as women’s suffrage.
  • Timeline of women’s suffrage – Women’s suffrage – the right of women to vote – has been achieved at various times in countries throughout the world. In many nations, women’s suffrage was granted before universal suffrage, so women and men from certain classes or races were still unable to vote.
  • Women’s Social and Political Union – The Women’s Social and Political Union was the leading militant organisation campaigning for Women’s suffrage in the United Kingdom, 1903–1917. Its membership and policies were tightly controlled by Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Christabel and Sylvia.
  • Women’s suffrage in the United Kingdom – Women’s suffrage in the United Kingdom was a movement to fight for women’s right to vote. It finally succeeded through two laws in 1918 and 1928. It became a national movement in the Victorian era.
  • Canadian eugenicists
  • Canadian temperance activists
  • Canadian suffragists
  • Canadian feminist writers
  • Canadian human rights activists
  • Women MLAs in Alberta
  • Writers from Calgary
  • Politicians from Calgary
  • Alberta Liberal Party MLAs
  • Members of the United Church of Canada
  • Canadian women short story writers
  • 20th-century Canadian short story writers
  • 20th-century Canadian novelists
  • Canadian women novelists

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