Mother Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu, honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She was born in Skopje, then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. After living in Skopje for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life. In 1950, Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation that had over 4,500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis. It also runs soup kitchens, dispensaries, mobile clinics, children’s and family counselling programmes, as well as orphanages and schools. Members take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, and also profess a fourth vow – to give “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor.”
|Born:||Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, August 26, 1910, Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire, (present-day Skopje, North Macedonia)|
|Died:||September 5, 1997, Calcutta, West Bengal, India (present-day Kolkata)|
|Beatified:||19 October 2003, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized:||4 September 2016, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis|
|Major shrine:||Mother House of the Missionaries of Charity, Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
|Attributes:||Nun’s habit, Rosary|
|Patronage:||World Youth Day, Missionaries of Charity, Archdiocese of Calcutta (co-patron)|
|IMDb:||Mother Teresa’s IMDb|
About Mother Teresa
Born Anjeze Bojaxhiu, she was a Catholic nun who made it her life’s work to care for the sick and disadvantaged. She spent most of her life doing missionary work in India and in 1950 she established the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, which provides hospices for those suffering from AIDS, leprosy, and other illnesses.
She grew up in the Ottoman Empire, where stories of missionaries in Bengal convinced her to devote her life to faith at the age of 12.
In 1979, she received the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian efforts and in 2003, she was beatified, the third step toward possible sainthood, by the Catholic Church.
She was the third child of Nikola and Dranafile Bojaxhiu; her older sister was named Age and her older brother was named Lazar.
She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from Ronald Regan in 1985.
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