Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women’s rights. Until the late 20th century, Wollstonecraft’s life, which encompassed several unconventional personal relationships at the time, received more attention than her writing. Today Wollstonecraft is regarded as one of the founding feminist philosophers, and feminists often cite both her life and her works as important influences. During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children’s book. Wollstonecraft is best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason.
|Born:||April 27, 1759, Spitalfields, London, England|
|Died:||September 10, 1797, Somers Town, London, England|
|Notable work:||A Vindication of the Rights of Woman|
|Partner:||Henry Fuseli, Gilbert Imlay|
|Children:||Frances “Fanny” Imlay, Mary Shelley|
About Mary Wollstonecraft
Famous for her 1792 treatise A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, this writer and early feminist philosopher is also notable for her posthumously-published work Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman, as well as for a travel-themed publication titled Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark.
She published her debut work, Mary: A Fiction, in 1788.
She had a brief romantic affair with the Swiss artist and writer Henry Fuseli.
In early 1797, on the heels of a tumultuous relationship with American writer and businessman Gilbert Imlay that resulted in an illegitimate daughter, Wollstonecraft married fellow writer and political philosopher William Godwin. She died shortly after giving birth to her second child, future Frankenstein novelist Mary Shelley (born Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin).
Her nonfiction works on the topic of children’s education were influenced by the ideas of philosopher John Locke.
Information related to Mary Wollstonecraft
- Timeline of Mary Wollstonecraft
- Burials at St Pancras Old Church
- English women philosophers
- Education writers
- British women essayists
- English feminist writers
- Feminist theorists
- 18th-century essayists
- 18th-century English novelists
- 18th-century writers
- Historians of the French Revolution
- English governesses
- Writers of Gothic fiction
- Enlightenment philosophers
- English educational theorists
- Founders of English schools and colleges
- German–English translators
- English Unitarians
- Feminist philosophers
- Women travel writers
- English essayists
- French–English translators
- English feminists
- English philosophers
- English travel writers
- British women historians
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