Louis XIV, known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. In the age of absolutism in Europe, Louis XIV’s France was a leader in the growing centralisation of power. Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661, after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin. An adherent of the concept of the divine right of kings, Louis continued his predecessors’ work of creating a centralised state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis’ minority.
|Regent:||Anne of Austria (1643–51)|
|Born:||September 5, 1638, Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France|
|Died:||September 1, 1715, Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France|
|Burial:||Basilica of St Denis|
|Issue, among others…:||Louis, Grand Dauphin|
|Father:||Louis XIII of France|
|Mother:||Anne of Austria|
|Religion:||Roman Catholicism (Gallican Rite)|
|IMDb:||Louis XIV of France’s IMDb|
About Louis XIV
For more than seventy years, during a period of French political dominance that included the War of the Spanish Succession and the Franco-Dutch War, this “Sun King” and House of Bourbon member ruled France. An absolute monarch and a believer in the divine right of royalty, he became known for his lavish lifestyle at his ornate Palace of Versailles.
Because he was born over two decades into his parents’ marriage and was the only non-stillborn child of Queen Anne of Austria and Louis XIII, the young Louis XIV was widely regarded as a heavenly gift to France. During his childhood years, Louis was tutored by nobleman Nicolas V de Villeroy.
A notable patron of the arts as well as a legal, military, and fiscal reformer, Louis XIV supported the careers of a number of prominent French authors, including playwrights Jean Racine and Moliere.
His marriage to Maria Theresa of Spain produced only one surviving child– Louis Le Grand Dauphin — and he later secretly married Francoise d’Aubigne. Through a series of affairs, he fathered at least sixteen children.
Author Alexandre Dumas made Louis XIV a central character in the novels Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne.
Information related to Louis XIV of France
- Louis XIV of France Category
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- House of France – The term House of France refers to the branch of the Capetian dynasty which provided the Kings of France following the election of Hugh Capet. The House of France consists of a number of branches and their sub-branches. Some of its branches have acceded to the Crown, while others remained cadets.
- Levée (ceremony) – The levée has traditionally been a daily moment of intimacy and accessibility to a monarch or leader. It started out as a royal custom, but in America, it later came to refer to a reception by the King’s representatives and, even later, by the president.
- Outline of France – The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide of France: France – country in Western Europe with several overseas regions and territories. Metropolitan France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean.
- Style Louis XIV – The Style Louis XIV or Louis Quatorze, also called French classicism, was the style of architecture and decorative arts intended to glorify King Louis XIV and his reign. It featured majesty, harmony and regularity.
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