Joshua Daniel White was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, actor and civil rights activist. He also recorded under the names Pinewood Tom and Tippy Barton in the 1930s. White grew up in the South during the 1920s and 1930s. He became a prominent race records artist, with a prolific output of recordings in genres including Piedmont blues, country blues, gospel music, and social protest songs. In 1931, White moved to New York, and within a decade his fame had spread widely. His repertoire expanded to include urban blues, jazz, traditional folk songs, and political protest songs, and he was in demand as an actor on radio, Broadway, and film. However, White’s anti-segregationist and international human rights political stance presented in many of his recordings and in his speeches at rallies were subsequently used by McCarthyites as a pretext for labeling him a communist to slander and harass him.
|Birth name:||Joshua Daniel White|
|Also known as:||Pinewood Tom, Tippy Barton|
|Born:||February 11, 1914, Greenville, South Carolina, US|
|Died:||September 5, 1969, Manhasset, New York, US|
|Genres:||Piedmont blues, country blues, topical songwriting|
|Occupation(s):||Singer, actor, songwriter|
|Labels:||Paramount, ARC, Decca, Elektra|
|IMDb:||Josh White’s IMDb|
About Josh White
Also known as Pinewood Tom and Tippy Barton. He was the first black singer-guitarist to have featured roles in Hollywood and Broadway.
He sang in his local church’s choir at a young age. He helped introduce largely white audiences to folk-blues music.
He was featured on a set of four thirty-two-cent U.S. commemorative postage stamps in the Legends of American Music series, which was issued in 1998.
He married Carol Carr in 1933.
He was Franklin D. Roosevelt‘s confidant during his presidency, and in 1941, he was the first black singer to give a White House Command Performance.
Information related to Josh White
- Union Boys – The Union Boys was an American folk music group, formed impromptu in 1944, to record several songs on an album called Songs for Victory: Music for Political Action. Its “all-star leftist” members were Josh White, Sonny Terry, Brownie McGhee, Pete Seeger, Burl Ives, Tom Glazer.
- Songster musicians
- Gospel blues musicians
- Blues revival musicians
- Country blues singers
- Apollo Records artists
- Piedmont blues musicians
- Paramount Records artists
- Songwriters from South Carolina
- Country blues musicians
- American blues singer-songwriters
- Hollywood blacklist
- African-American guitarists
- Elektra Records artists
- American folk guitarists
- African-American singer-songwriters
- Mercury Records artists
- American gospel singers
- American folk singers
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