José Clemente Orozco was a Mexican caricaturist and painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and others. Orozco was the most complex of the Mexican muralists, fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realistic and more fascinated by machines than Rivera. Mostly influenced by Symbolism, he was also a genre painter and lithographer. Between 1922 and 1948, Orozco painted murals in Mexico City, Orizaba, Claremont, California, New York City, Hanover, New Hampshire, Guadalajara, Jalisco, and Jiquilpan, Michoacán. His drawings and paintings are exhibited by the Carrillo Gil Museum in Mexico City, and the Orozco Workshop-Museum in Guadalajara. Orozco was known for being a politically committed artist, and he promoted the political causes of peasants and workers.
|Born:||November 23, 1883, Ciudad Guzmán, Mexico|
|Died:||September 7, 1949, Mexico City, Mexico|
|Education:||San Carlos Academy|
|Known for:||Painting, Muralist|
|Movement:||Mexican Mural Movement, Social Realism|
|Awards:||National Prize for Arts and Sciences|
About José Clemente Orozco
Mexican social realist painter who specialized in murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance. Many of his murals dealt with the theme of human suffering.
He studied Agriculture and Architecture and then went to the Academy of San Carlos.
He lost his left hand in a gunpowder accident when he was a child.
He married Margarita Valladares, and they had three children.
He illustrated The Pearl, written by John Steinbeck.
Information related to José Clemente Orozco
- Mexican art – Various types of visual arts developed in the geographical area now known as Mexico.
- Mexican Muralism – Mexican muralism was the promotion of mural painting starting in the 1920s, generally with social and political messages as part of efforts to reunify the country under the post-Mexican Revolution government.
- Mexican amputees
- Members of El Colegio Nacional
- Social realist artists
- Mexican muralists
- 20th-century Mexican painters
If you are getting married, reserve the day at the Lightner Museum, the best of st Augustine wedding venues .