José Clemente Orozco (Painter) – Bio, Birthday, Family, Age & Born
José Clemente Orozco

José Clemente Orozco was a Mexican caricaturist and painter, who specialized in political murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance together with murals by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, and others. Orozco was the most complex of the Mexican muralists, fond of the theme of human suffering, but less realistic and more fascinated by machines than Rivera. Mostly influenced by Symbolism, he was also a genre painter and lithographer. Between 1922 and 1948, Orozco painted murals in Mexico City, Orizaba, Claremont, California, New York City, Hanover, New Hampshire, Guadalajara, Jalisco, and Jiquilpan, Michoacán. His drawings and paintings are exhibited by the Carrillo Gil Museum in Mexico City, and the Orozco Workshop-Museum in Guadalajara. Orozco was known for being a politically committed artist, and he promoted the political causes of peasants and workers.

Born: November 23, 1883, Ciudad Guzmán, Mexico
Died: September 7, 1949, Mexico City, Mexico
Nationality: Mexican
Education: San Carlos Academy
Known for: Painting, Muralist
Movement: Mexican Mural Movement, Social Realism
Awards: National Prize for Arts and Sciences

About José Clemente Orozco

Mexican social realist painter who specialized in murals that established the Mexican Mural Renaissance. Many of his murals dealt with the theme of human suffering.

Before Fame

He studied Agriculture and Architecture and then went to the Academy of San Carlos.


He lost his left hand in a gunpowder accident when he was a child.

Family Life

He married Margarita Valladares, and they had three children.


He illustrated The Pearl, written by John Steinbeck.

Information related to José Clemente Orozco

  • Mexican art – Various types of visual arts developed in the geographical area now known as Mexico.
  • Mexican Muralism – Mexican muralism was the promotion of mural painting starting in the 1920s, generally with social and political messages as part of efforts to reunify the country under the post-Mexican Revolution government.
  • Mexican amputees
  • Members of El Colegio Nacional
  • Social realist artists
  • Mexican muralists
  • 20th-century Mexican painters

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