James II and VII was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Catholic monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland; his reign is now remembered primarily for struggles over religious tolerance. However, it also involved the principles of absolutism and divine right of kings, and his deposition ended a century of political and civil strife by confirming the primacy of Parliament over the Crown. James inherited the thrones of England, Ireland and Scotland from his elder brother Charles II with widespread support in all three countries, largely based on the principles of divine right or birth.
|Successors:||William III & II and Mary II|
|Born:||14 October 1633, (N.S: 24 October 1633), St. James’s Palace, London, England|
|Died:||16 September 1701 (aged 67) (N.S.), Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France|
|Burial:||Church of the English Benedictines, Paris, France|
|Issue, more…:||Charles, Duke of Cambridge, Mary II, Queen of England, James, Duke of Cambridge, Anne, Queen of Great Britain, Charles, Duke of Kendal, Edgar, Duke of Cambridge, Isabel Stuart, Charles, Duke of Cambridge, James Francis Edward Stuart, Louisa Maria Stuart, Illegitimate, Henrietta FitzJames, James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick, Henry FitzJames|
|Father:||Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland|
|Mother:||Henrietta Maria of France|
|Religion:||Catholicism (1668–1701), prev. Anglicanism (1633–1668)|
About James II
King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He is best known for bucking the Anglican establishment by trying to procure religious liberty for English Roman Catholics and Protestant nonconformists.
He was appointed the position of Lord High Admiral at age 3.
He was the last Roman Catholic monarch in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
He was married twice, first to Anne Hyde and then to Mary of Modena. He fathered nineteen children, including Anne, Queen of Great Britain and Mary II.
He was part of the Stuart family, the ruling family after the death of Queen Elizabeth I.
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