Jacques Cartier was a Breton explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France. Jacques Cartier was the first European to describe and map the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the shores of the Saint Lawrence River, which he named “The Country of Canadas” after the Iroquois names for the two big settlements he saw at Stadacona and at Hochelaga.
|Born:||December 31, 1491, St. Malo, Duchy of Brittany|
|Died:||September 1, 1557, St. Malo, Kingdom of France|
|Occupation:||French navigator and explorer|
|Known for:||First European to travel inland in North America. Claimed what is now known as Canada for France.|
About Jacques Cartier
French explorer of Breton descent who claimed Canada for France and was the first European to venture inland in America.
He married a member of a prestigious French family in 1520 to improve his social status.
He was the first European to depict and chart the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the coasts of the Saint Lawrence River.
He married Mary Catherine des Granches.
He, unlike Christopher Columbus, traveled inland after arriving in North America.
Information related to Jacques Cartier
- Timeline of New France history (1534 to 1607)
- 16th century in Canada – The 16th century in Canada saw the first contacts, since the Norsemen 500 years earlier, between the indigenous peoples in Canada living near the Atlantic coast and European fishermen, whalers, traders, and explorers.
- Breton people
- Explorers of Canada
- 16th-century French people
- French explorers
- French Roman Catholics
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