John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was an English writer, poet, philologist, and academic. He was the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford, from 1925 to 1945 and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, from 1945 to 1959. He was at one time a close friend of C. S. Lewis—they were both members of the informal literary discussion group known as the Inklings. Tolkien was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien’s death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father’s extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion.
|Born:||John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, January 3, 1892, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State (modern-day South Africa)|
|Died:||September 2, 1973, Bournemouth, England|
|Occupation:||Author, academic, philologist, poet|
|Alma mater:||Exeter College, Oxford|
|Genre:||Fantasy, high fantasy, translation, literary criticism|
|Notable works:||The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, Unfinished Tales|
|Children:||John Francis (1917–2003), Michael Hilary (1920–1984), Christopher John (1924–2020), Priscilla Anne (b. 1929)|
|Facebook:||J. R. R. Tolkien’s Facebook profile|
|IMDb:||J. R. R. Tolkien’s IMDb|
About J.R.R. Tolkien
English author, poet, and professor who wrote The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings trilogy. He was ranked by The Times, a London newspaper, as one of the 50 greatest English authors since 1945 and he is widely considered to be the father of the modern fantasy genre.
He began reading when he was just four years old and, in 1915, he graduated from Exeter College, Oxford, with honors. He subsequently served in the British Army during World War I and later accepted a professorship in Anglo-Saxon literature at Pembroke College, Oxford.
He cited Old English stories, including Beowulf, as inspiration for the legends of Middle-earth. He also served as a codebreaker during World War II.
He and his younger brother were born in South Africa to Mabel Suffield Tolkien and English banker Arthur Reuel Tolkien. J.R.R. Tolkien married Edith Mary Bratt in 1916, and she became the inspiration for several of his fantasy characters, most notably Arwen Evenstar and Luthien Tinuviel. He had three sons, Christopher, Michael, and John, and a daughter, Priscilla.
He was close friends with the author C.S. Lewis; they were both members of a literary group called the Inklings.
Information related to J. R. R. Tolkien
- J. R. R. Tolkien Category
- J. R. R. Tolkien bibliography – This is a list of the published works of the English writer and philologist J. R. R. Tolkien.
- People educated at St Philip’s School
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- Translators from Old English
- Writers on Germanic paganism
- Mythopoeic writers
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- Fellows of Pembroke College, Oxford
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- Writers from Birmingham, West Midlands
- Christian anarchists
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- Contributors to the Oxford English Dictionary
- Linguists from England
- Anglo-Saxon studies scholars
- Creators of writing systems
- People educated at King Edward’s School, Birmingham
- Writers who illustrated their own writing
- English male short story writers
- English fantasy writers
- Fellows of Merton College, Oxford
- English short story writers
- Academics of the University of Leeds
- 20th-century English poets
- English children’s writers
- Alumni of Exeter College, Oxford
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