Hugo Grotius, also known as Huig de Groot or Hugo de Groot, was a Dutch humanist, diplomat, lawyer, theologian and jurist. A teenage intellectual prodigy, he was born in Delft and studied at Leiden University. He was imprisoned for his involvement in the intra-Calvinist disputes of the Dutch Republic, but escaped hidden in a chest of books. Grotius wrote most of his major works in exile in France. Hugo Grotius was a major figure in the fields of philosophy, political theory and law during the sixteenth and seventeenth century. Along with the earlier works of Francisco de Vitoria and Alberico Gentili, he laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law in its Protestant side. Two of his books have had a lasting impact in the field of international law: De jure belli ac pacis [On the Law of War and Peace] dedicated to Louis XIII of France and the Mare Liberum [The Free Seas]. Grotius has also contributed significantly to the evolution of the notion of rights.
|Born:||10 April 1583, Delft, Holland, Dutch Republic|
|Died:||28 August 1645 (aged 62), Rostock, Swedish Pomerania|
|Alma mater:||Leiden University|
About Hugo Grotius
Remembered best for his significant philosophical contributions to the field of international law, Grotius penned the famous Mare Liberum doctrine of 1609. Also a theologian, he was an important figure in Protestantism’s seventeenth-century debate over the principles of Arminianism versus Calvinism.
At the age of eleven, he began studying at the University of Leiden; five years later, he published his debut scholarly work.
In 1625, he wrote a famous three-part legal treatise titled De Jure Belli ac Pacis Libri Tres (English title: On the Law of War and Peace: Three books).
He was born in Delft, Netherlands to Jan de Groot and Alida van Overschie.
Indian-born economist Amartya Sen was the keynote speaker at the American Society of International Law’s annual Grotius Lectures. The prestigious lecture series was established in 1999 to honor Grotius’ contributions to legal theory.
Information related to Hugo Grotius
- Coenraad van Beuningen – Coenraad van Beuningen was the Dutch Republic’s most experienced diplomat, burgomaster of Amsterdam in 1669, 1672, 1680, 1681, 1683 and 1684, and from 1681 a Dutch East India Company director. He probably was bi-polar, becoming unstable after the loss of his fortune in 1688.
- Emer de Vattel – Emer de Vattel was an international lawyer. He was born in Couvet in Neuchâtel in 1714 and died in 1767. He was largely influenced by Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius. He is most famous for his 1758 work The Law of Nations.
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