Horace Gray (Supreme Court Justice)

Horace Gray

Horace Gray was an American jurist who served on the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, and then on the United States Supreme Court, where he frequently interpreted the Constitution in ways that increased the powers of Congress. Noted for possessing a sharp mind and an enthusiasm for legal research, he was also a staunch supporter of the authority of precedent throughout his career.

Born: Mar 24, 1828, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: Sept 15, 1902, Nahant, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political party: Republican
Education: Harvard University
Preceded by: Nathan Clifford
Succeeded by: Oliver Holmes

About Horace Gray

Served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1881 to 1902.

Before Fame

He studied law at Harvard. However, he didn’t receive a degree.


He was the first justice of the Court to hire a clerk.

Family Life

He grew up with a half-brother named John.


He was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Chester A. Arthur.

Information related to Horace Gray

  • Chief Justices of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • United States federal judges appointed by Chester A. Arthur
  • Lawyers from Boston
  • Burials at Mount Auburn Cemetery
  • American Unitarians
  • American legal writers
  • 19th-century American judges
  • Members of the American Antiquarian Society

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Latest information about Horace Gray updated on September 14, 2020.

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