Haile Selassie I was an Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. Prior to his coronation in 1930, he had been Regent Plenipotentiary of Ethiopia from 1916. He is a defining figure in modern Ethiopian history. He was a member of the Solomonic dynasty who traced his lineage to Emperor Menelik I. Selassie’s internationalist views led to Ethiopia becoming a charter member of the United Nations. At the League of Nations in 1936, he condemned Italy’s use of chemical weapons against its people during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. He has been criticized by some historians for his suppression of rebellions among the landed aristocracy, which consistently opposed his reforms; some critics have also criticized Ethiopia’s failure to modernize rapidly enough. During his rule the Harari people were persecuted and many left the Harari Region. His regime was also criticized by human rights groups, such as Human Rights Watch, as autocratic and illiberal.
|Successor:||Ijigayehu Amha Selassie|
|Born:||Ras Tafari Makonnen, July 23, 1892, Ejersa Goro, Imperial Ethiopia|
|Died:||August 27, 1975, Jubilee Palace, Socialist Ethiopia|
|Burial:||5 November 2000, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia|
|Issue:||Princess Romanework, Princess Tenagnework, Crown Prince Asfaw Wossen, Princess Zenebework, Princess Tsehai, Prince Makonnen, Prince Sahle Selassie|
|House:||Sahle Selassie (Solomonic -House of Solomon, Amhara Branch)|
|Religion:||Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo|
|IMDb:||Haile Selassie’s IMDb|
About Haile Selassie
Political leader who served as Regent of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930 and as Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He facilitated Ethiopia’s entrance into the United Nations.
He initially served under the government of Empress Zewditu. When he seized power in 1928, he forced the Empress to crown him King of Ethiopia.
Although he was an Eastern Orthodox Christian, he inspired many followers of the Rastafari movement.
He married Menen Asfaw in 1911; they had seven children together.
He lived in exile during Benito Mussolini‘s World War II-era control of Ethiopia.
Information related to Haile Selassie
- Haile Selassie Category
- Black Lions – The Black Lions were a anti-fascist resistance movement formed to fight against Italy during the occupation of the Ethiopian Empire in the Second World War.
- Desta Damtew – Ras Desta Damtew was an Ethiopian noble, an army commander, and a son-in-law of Emperor Haile Selassie I.
- Ethiopian aristocratic and court titles – Until the end of the Ethiopian monarchy in 1974, there were two categories of nobility in Ethiopia. The Mesafint, the hereditary nobility, formed the upper echelon of the ruling class. The Mekwanint were the appointed nobles, often of humble birth, who formed the bulk of the aristocracy.
- Negus – Negus is a royal title in the Ethiopian Semitic languages. It denotes a monarch, such as the Bahri Negasi of the Medri Bahri kingdom in pre-1890 Eritrea, and the Negus in pre-1974 Ethiopia. The Negus is referred to as An-Najashi in the Islamic tradition.
- Rastafari – Rastafari, also known as Rastafarianism, is an Abrahamic religion that developed in Jamaica during the 1930s. It is classified as both a new religious movement and a social movement by scholars of religion.
- Burials at Holy Trinity Cathedral (Addis Ababa)
- Recipients of the Order of the Star of Ethiopia
- Marshals of the air force
- African Union chairpersons
- Rulers of Ethiopia
- Recipients of the Order of Menelik II
- Ethiopian Oriental Orthodox Christians
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- Collars of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
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- Ethiopian princes
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- Solomonic dynasty
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- People executed by Ethiopia
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- Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
- International opponents of apartheid in South Africa
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- Grand Croix of the Légion d’honneur
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