Francis Bellamy (Religious Author) – Bio, Birthday, Family, Age & Born

Francis Bellamy

Francis Julius Bellamy was an American Christian socialist minister and author, best known for writing the original version of the US Pledge of Allegiance in 1892.

Born: Francis Julius Bellamy, May 18, 1855, Mount Morris, New York, US
Died: August 28, 1931, Tampa, Florida, US
Alma mater: University of Rochester
Occupation: Minister, author, editor
Era: Third Great Awakening
Known for: Creating the Pledge of Allegiance
Movement: Christian socialism

About Francis Bellamy

Best remembered as the author of the United States’ Pledge of Allegiance, Bellamy also worked as a minister and allied himself with the nineteenth-century Christian socialist movement.

Before Fame

He earned a theology degree from New York’s University of Rochester.


He launched an unsuccessful New York gubernatorial campaign.

Family Life

He grew up in Rome, New York as the son of a Baptist minister. In the early 1880s, he married his first wife, Harriet Benton; the union produced sons named David and John (following Benton’s death, Bellamy wed Marie Morin).


He and fellow writer John Ruskin were both Christian socialists of the late 19th Century.

Information related to Francis Bellamy

  • Francis Bellamy’s Companion Address
  • Profile of Francis Bellamy by Dr J. W. Baer
  • Collection of Bellamy papers, 1890-2002 – River Campus Libraries, University of Rochester

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