Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-American architect and industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style. Saarinen is known for designing the Washington Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C., the TWA Flight Center in New York City, and the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. He was the son of noted Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen.
|Born:||August 20, 1910, Kirkkonummi, Grand Duchy of Finland|
|Died:||September 01, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.|
|Nationality:||Finnish, American (Since 1940)|
|Spouse(s):||Lilian Swann Saarinen (1939–1954 div.), Aline B. Saarinen (1954–1961)|
|Awards:||AIA Gold Medal (1962)|
About Eero Saarinen
Led the avant-garde architectural movement towards sweeping, arching, and simple curves in the U.S. He designed furniture like the Grasshopper lounge chair and ottoman, the Womb chair and ottoman, the Womb settee, side and arm chairs, and the Tulip or Pedestal group.
He developed a close friendship with fellow designers Charles and Ray Eames while attending school at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, where his father was a teacher. He began studying sculpture in 1929 at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris, France. He also attended the Yale School of Architecture until 1934.
He and his father designed the Crow Island School in Winnetka, Illinois, which became the inspiration for similar designs for decades to come; they were widely acclaimed for their proposal for the mall in Washington, D.C.
He was born in Finland to the famed architect Eliel Saarinen. He and his father moved to Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, when he was 13. He was named a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1940. He fathered two children, Eric and Susan, with sculptor Lilian Swann Saarinen. He married his second wife, The New York Times art critic Aline Bernstein Louchheim, in 1954, with whom he fathered a son, Eames.
He and his family were friends with fellow famed architect Florence Knoll.
Information related to Eero Saarinen
- Tensile architecture – A tensile structure is a construction of elements carrying only tension and no compression or bending. The term tensile should not be confused with tensegrity, which is a structural form with both tension and compression elements. Tensile structures are the most common type of thin-shell structures.
- Thin-shell structure – Thin-shell structures are also called plate and shell structures. They are lightweight constructions using shell elements. These elements, typically curved, are assembled to make large structures. Typical applications include aircraft fuselages, boat hulls, and the roofs of large buildings.
- Cranbrook Academy of Art faculty
- Finnish furniture designers
- Finnish industrial designers
- 20th-century Finnish architects
- Eero Saarinen structures
- Modernist architects from the United States
- Finnish emigrants to the United States
- Yale School of Architecture alumni
- American furniture designers
- American ecclesiastical architects
- Alumni of the Académie de la Grande Chaumière
- Fellows of the American Institute of Architects
- Modernist architects
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