James Dalton Trumbo was an American screenwriter and novelist who scripted many award-winning films including Roman Holiday, Exodus, Spartacus, and Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo. One of the Hollywood Ten, he refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947 during the committee’s investigation of Communist influences in the motion picture industry. Trumbo, the other members of the Hollywood Ten, and hundreds of other professionals in the industry were blacklisted by Hollywood. He was, however, able to continue working clandestinely on major films, writing under other authors’ names or pseudonyms. His uncredited work won two Academy Awards for Best Story: for Roman Holiday, which was presented to a front writer, and for The Brave One, which was awarded to a pseudonym used by Trumbo. When he was given public screen credit for both Exodus and Spartacus in 1960, it marked the beginning of the end of the Hollywood Blacklist for Trumbo and other affected screenwriters.
|Born:||James Dalton Trumbo, December 9, 1905, Montrose, Colorado, U.S.|
|Died:||September 10, 1976, Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Children:||Christopher Trumbo, Melissa Trumbo, Nikola Trumbo|
|IMDb:||Dalton Trumbo’s IMDb|
About Dalton Trumbo
Oscar-winning screenwriter and the most famous member of the Hollywood Ten, who were ten directors and screenwriters who refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee in 1947. He notably wrote the classic films Roman Holiday, Spartacus, and Exodus.
He worked as a cub reporter in high school, and in college decided to become a writer.
He was one of the highest paid screenwriters during WW II, and while officially blacklisted continued to work, winning Oscars under a pseudonym.
He was born and raised with his two sisters in Grand Junction, Colorado. He married Cleo Beth Fincher and had three children named Christopher, Mitzi and Nikola.
Lillian Hellman was another talented Hollywood screenwriter blacklisted for her association with politics.
Information related to Dalton Trumbo
- Best Story Academy Award winners
- Writers from Colorado
- Hollywood blacklist
- Members of the Communist Party USA
- American Marxists
- National Book Award winners
- American communists
- University of Colorado Boulder alumni
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